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Know your birthstone and its meaning



Knowing your birthstone chart is a piece of superior information to celebrate your birthday. Birthstones are gemstones which correlate with the month of someone’s birth. Over the years, astrologers have come up with different terms to link humans with celestial bodies. Birthstones have become one of those methods, this time, through a piece of jewellery.

If you want to know what birthstone you belong to, read this article.

What is a birthstone chart?

First, we have to define what a birthstone means. A birthstone refers to a gemstone which correlates to one’s birth month. Therefore, a birthstone chart is a list of the 12 months of the year with their respective birthstones. According to GEMONE, the history of the birthstone can be traced to the Roman–Jewish historian and military leader, Flavius Josephus, who theorised that there was a connection between birthstones and the meanings to the 12 stones in Aaron’s breastplate. In Exodus 28 of the Old Testament, Aaron the priest wore a special breastplate that had 12 unique gemstones, which represented the 12 tribes of Israel. In Revelations, the 12 gemstones become part of the new foundation of the New Jerusalem.

Therefore, the early astrologers began to attribute one gemstone to each of the 12 months of the year. The birthstones were also attributed to the 12 zodiac signs. These astrologers also believed that each gemstone brought healing powers or protection from evil to the people born in each respective month. This explains why they are called birthstones today.

In 1912, birthstones were officially standardised by the American National Association of Jewelers. The association released a list of so-called “modern birthstones.” In 1937, the National Association of Goldsmiths in Britain created another list. Today, jewellers continue to add options to the modern birthstone chart. Many people now pick stones that appeal to them, instead of relying on the traditional birthstone chart.

Birthstone chart by months

January – Garnet

January - Garnet
Garnet Rhodolite 14x12mm Rectangular Cushion 13.06ct

According to the American Gem Society, the word garnet comes from the 14th-century word ‘Garnet’, which means “dark red”. The garnet birthstone usually comes in red. However, there are other colours of this birthstone such as purple, green, yellow, and orange. Garnet is said to represent friendship, devotion, vitality and balance.

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February – Amethyst

February - Amethyst

Amethyst is derived from the ancient Greek word, ‘Ametysthos’, which is translated as ‘sober’. It is the birthstone of February and usually comes in purple, lilac and mauve colours. Amethyst has a relatively high hardness of seven, which means it is scratch-resistant. It is also usually associated with royalty and the ruling class. Amethyst is said to represent spirituality, mental clarity, and healing.

March – Aquamarine

March - Aquamarine

Aquamarine comes from a Latin word, which is translated to mean “seawater.” In the olden days, sailors used this birthstone as protection and to calm the waters. Aquamarine usually comes in gorgeous shades of blue, pale pastel or green. Some people associate aquamarine with marital happiness and superior intellect. Others believe the birthstone represents honesty, beauty, and loyalty.

April – Diamond

April - Diamond

Diamond is the birthstone for April. It is also the most popular gemstone in the world. Diamond is derived from the Greek word ‘Adamas’, which means ‘Unbreakable’. It is believed that diamonds are tears of a fallen god. It symbolises purity and strength. In addition, diamonds represent eternal love, which is probably why they are popular engagement and wedding rings.

May – Emerald

April - Diamond

Emerald is one of the most beautiful stones you will find in jewellery. The term originated from the Greek word “smaragdos”, which means “green stone”. It comes in various shapes, cuts, and shades. However, the popular colours are bright green, blue or yellow. Many believe that the green colour symbolises the freshness of new growth during spring. Other beliefs associated with this birthstone are nature, purity, growth, energy, good luck and good health.

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June – Pearl/Alexandrite

June - Pearl/Alexandrite

Pearl comes from the Latin word “Perna”. It also comes in different shades of colours, from white to black Tahitian colour. Pearls are also known as the tears of the moon. They are also the only gems found within living creatures, both salt and freshwater molluscs. Nowadays, pearls are cultivated or cultured, since the natural ones are extremely rare. Some cultures believe that pearls represent honesty, purity, and wisdom.

July – Ruby

July - Ruby
Photo credit: Shutterstock

Ruby comes from the Latino word ‘rubber’, which translates as ‘Red’.  It comes with various shades from purplish red to orange-red. Some cultures believe that this pink to deep red gemstone can offer protection from all evil. Others believe that ruby brings good fortune to the wearer. Ruby also represents love, passion, health and wisdom.

August – Peridot

August - Peridot

The term, peridot, originated from the Arabic word ‘faridat’. It can be found in different shades, from zesty lime to rich olive green. Often known as the ‘evening emerald’, peridot has been regarded as ‘the gem of the sun’ by the ancient Egyptians. It is believed to have magical powers and healing properties such as cleansing the mind of negativity and repelling nighttime evil spirits. Peridot also symbolises strength, honesty and loyalty.

September – Sapphire

September - Sapphire

Sapphire is derived from the Persian word “Safir”, meaning “Beloved of Saturn”. They are often blue but they can be found in every colour. Blue sapphires are very popular and can be made into engagement and wedding rings. Sapphire represents the values of sincerity, faithfulness, and romance. It also protects the wearer from physical harm and bad intentions.

October – Opal / Tourmaline

October - Opal / Tourmaline

Opal is also known as the ‘Queen of Gems.’ With the Latin name “opalus”, meaning “stone”, the colour combination of this birthstone is simply amazing. It ranges from the sparkle of garnet to the shining of purple amethyst and the elegance of topaz to the deep blue hue of a sapphire Opal. Opals are usually associated with light and magic. They also symbolise purity, hope and creativity.

November – Citrine

November - Citrine

Citrine can be described as the yellow-to-red-orange variety of crystalline quartz. It is often associated with healing and happiness.

December – Blue topaz

Blue topaz often comes out of the earth colourless or pale blue. However, a two-step heat and radiation laboratory treatment will turn it into a vivid colour of greenish blue. The blue topaz for December is also known as Turquoise, they are not just beautiful, but they are not very expensive. Turquoise is believed to symbolise good fortune, protection or remembrance, among others.

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